According to experts, the Viñales Valley is an exceptional setting where outstanding nature blends with the conservation of the stunning setting, and the manual labour undertaken by farmers who cultivate the land for tobacco.
With some 132 square kilometers in area, it is the best known karstic area in Cuba surrounded by these singular, u unique round-topped elevations, known in Cuba as mogotes.
The vegetation of the valley is linked, according to the experts, to its ancient history. It’s said that there are 17 endemic plants in the area, including the palma corcho (cork palm), considered a vegetable fossil dating to the Jurassic era.
The valley also features endemic wildlife including hummingbird species, the tocororo (Priotelus temnurus), a Cuban trogon, the cartacuba (Todus multicolor), the Cuban tody, and the ruiseñor (Myadestes elisabeth), the Cuban solitaire, and the tomeguín del pinar (Tiaris canora), the Yellow-faced Grassquit.
The town of Viñales, nestling in the heart of the valley, is a traditional agricultural town with its main street flanked by galleries of columns, and homes with red roofs.